Article: Folliculitis: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Major Causes of Folliculitis

There’s one specific bacterium that causes folliculitis.  This is known as Staphylococcus Aureus.  In addition to having these bacteria in your system, there also a series of predisposing factors that you should keep in mind if you want to really understand the root cause of folliculitis.  These risk factors are as follows.

  • Wound infections
  • Depressed immune system
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Diabetes
  • Certain cosmetics
  • Exposure to chemicals through skin to skin contact
  • Wearing tight clothes and hats

By knowing their risk factors, you will be able to apply some measures to try and avoid the situations that may eventually lead you to being infected by folliculitis in the future.  One disadvantage of having this condition is that it can recur at any point in time.

In addition to this, if left untreated it will evolve into more severe conditions such as furunculosis and cellulitis.  Furthermore, if you have this condition there is a high likelihood that abscess may develop in the affected area.

Major Symptoms

Just like any other condition, there are a series of symptoms that you can survey and keep in mind in order to know if you do have folliculitis or not.  These are as follows:

  • Pain
  • Erythema – this refers to an inflammation and reddish discoloration of the skin.
  • Edema
  • Physical lesions

Additionally, the lesions may vary in terms of physical appearance.  Some lesions may be colored white on top and others may be filled with yellow pus.  Aside from this, it may also result to a systematic infection wherein the patient may experience a feverish body and malaise.


If you have folliculitis, you will most likely have pustules on the scalp as well as the arms and the legs.  It can also occur on the face of men with facial hair as well as the eyelids.

Doctors diagnose the disease commonly through a wound culture.  They will also have to do a complete blood count which usually reveals an elevated number of white blood cells.  This is why you would have to go to the physician right away to make sure that you would be able to get an accurate diagnosis.  Remember that early detection is quite important when it comes to making a decision regarding the course of treatment for any kind of disease.


After being diagnosed, deciding on the course of treatment would be the next step.  Here are some possible treatment methods that you can use along with your doctor with regards folliculitis.

  • Topical antibiotics like Bacitracin with Polymyxin B could be used as a first line of defense.
  • Oral antibiotics may only be used for widespread infections like cellulitis or Carbunculosis.
  • In addition to this, pus may have to be drained if the condition graduates to Furuncles or Carbuncles.

It would also help you to ask your physician about folliculitis so that you will be able to learn more about the condition.  Here are some of the major questions that the need to ask your physician as follows.

  • What tests are going to be administered for folliculitis?
  • What are the underlying causes if any for the condition?
  • What kind of medication should I use?  Are there going to be any side effects?
  • Recommended treatment?
  • How long would it take for the skin infection to clear up?

Aside from these questions, you can also ask about ways of preventing the condition from ever occurring.  You can also ask if the infection is contagious.  In this way, you will be able to arm yourself with the knowledge that can help you deal with related situations in the future.

Caring For the Infected Area

You may be able to care for the affected area without even using antibiotics.  The basic process of cleaning out the wound will help disinfect and ultimately hasten the healing process.  You may use soap and water to do this.  In addition, using chemical preparations such as chlorhexidine and povidone iodine is usually an sufficient care plan.

Furthermore, it would be recommended to apply heat compresses on the affected area.  This will help encourage vasodilation which is referred to as the enlargement of blood vessels as well as lesion drainage.


To effectively prevent the condition, you should always keep your skin clean and dry as well as free from any type of wounds or irritation.  If you can do this effectively, then you will have ultimately prevented folliculitis.

Remember that you are the one responsible for your own health and well-being.  This is why you have to do everything in your power to make sure that you will stay as healthy as you can for a very long time so that you will be able to enjoy life to the fullest until your old age.


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